In F.N. Orthodontics a large number of functional orthopaedic appliances for orthodontic skeletal anomalies of II & III Angle class are constructed on an annual basis.
The awareness of basic construction principles and the range of variants of the most important appliances guarantee the comfortable and proper use by the patient in the dentists’ practices and the maximum efficiency of the orthodontic treatment. There is a great variety of devices in either monoblock or double plate appliances.
As examples we mention the FR I, FR II, FR III, the ACTIVATOR, the VDP – SANDER double plate, the TWIN BLOCK, the HERBST, the BIONATOR – BALTERS, the U-BIEGEL, the GEORGE KLAMTT hyperelastic, the VANBEEK, the MAXILLATOR, the ERGENZIGER, the TANDEM as well as many of their variants and many more.
During the orthodontic therapy with functional appliances are produced functional stimuli, that cause form alteration and dilatation of the tissues resulting in bone stimulation (bone deposition), bone remodeling and bone displacement. The functional orthodontic appliances are devices with orthopaedic effect, in other words they act on the visceral skull, in the area of the condyles and seams and in the dentoalveolar area during the pre-adolescent stage of growth.
It is important to mention that the functional appliances do not act on the teeth via mechanical parts such as springs, palatal expanders or bands but transfer, reduce, direct or modulate the physical “same” forces such as the muscular force, the growth dynamics and the dynamics of tooth eruption.
Finally to highlight the importance of the proper interocclusal wax record taken for each separate case.
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